Search Options
Home Media Explainers Research & Publications Statistics Monetary Policy The €uro Payments & Markets Careers
Suggestions
Sort by

European banking supervision at a glance

4 November 2016 (updated 31 December 2020)

In the system of European banking supervision banks are supervised by the ECB and the national supervisors of the countries that participate in the system: all euro area countries as well as those other EU countries that have joined European banking supervision. The ECB supervises the largest banks in these countries while the smaller banks are under national supervision.

Objectives of European banking supervision

Safe and sound banks

Stable and integrated financial system

Consistent supervision of all banks

Interactive map of participating countries

Explore this interactive map to find out the 21 countries of the European Union that have joined European banking supervision.

Please select a country

Andorra

Non-EU country

Albania

Non-EU country

Austria

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Non-EU country

Belgium

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Bulgaria

Non-Euro area country participating in European banking supervision through close cooperation

Switzerland

Non-EU country

Cyprus

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Czech Republic

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Germany

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Denmark

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Estonia

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Spain

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Finland

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

France

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

United Kingdom

Non-EU country

Greece

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Croatia

Non-Euro area country participating in European banking supervision through close cooperation

Hungary

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Ireland

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Iceland

Non-EU country

Italy

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Liechtenstein

Non-EU country

Lithuania

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Luxembourg

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Latvia

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Monaco

Non-EU country

Montenegro

Non-EU country

Macedonia

Non-EU country

Malta

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

The Netherlands

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Norway

Non-EU country

Poland

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Portugal

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Romania

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Serbia

Non-EU country

Sweden

Non-Euro area country not participating in European banking supervision

Slovenia

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

Slovakia

Euro area country participating in European banking supervision

San Marino

Non-EU country

Kosovo

Non-EU country

Facts and figures

1,100 supervisors

More than 1,100 supervisors at the ECB

4,700 supervisors

More than 4,700 supervisors at national authorities

115 significant banks

115 significant banks under direct ECB supervision, representing 81% of euro area banking assets

2,552 less significant banks

2,552 less significant banks under direct national supervision, representing 19% of euro area banking assets

SEE ALSO

Find out more about related content