Supervision Newsletter August 2018

Interview

"Diversity is the best bulwark against groupthink"

Ed Sibley, Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland and ECB Supervisory Board member, discusses the importance of all forms of diversity to the governance, culture and risk profile of banks.

Full interview

In Focus

Good governance in a changing environment

The banking sector is changing fast and sound governance is vital for banks to manage risks and adapt to the new environment. The ECB has developed a comprehensive approach to supervising governance.

Full article

Developments in residential real estate lending: a mixed picture

House price growth in the euro area is accelerating. Although there are still no signs of a credit-fuelled bubble building up, geographical differences in house price developments and mortgage lending are pronounced.

Full article

Recovery planning: the ECB experience

Recovery plans are an important tool for banks to overcome a crisis. Based on experience gained from its regular review of banks’ recovery plans, the ECB is sharing best practices to help banks improve their plans further and thus be better prepared for crises.

Full article

Brexit: counting down

Time is limited for banks to prepare for Brexit. The ECB has shared its expectations with banks, which need to mitigate the risks associated with losing access to the EU single market. Incoming and outgoing banks need to prepare for all contingencies, including a no-deal scenario.

Full article

Building a common supervisory approach for smaller banks

The ECB and national supervisors are implementing a common methodology for the supervision of smaller banks. This harmonised approach improves supervision and creates a level playing field across the euro area.

Full article

Key data

Q1 capital ratio down on phase-ins

The total capital ratio of ECB-supervised banks saw a quarter-on-quarter decrease from 18.14% in the fourth quarter of 2017 to 17.72% in the first quarter of 2018. The primary drivers of the reduction were (i) the overall decrease in CET1 capital, driven by the phase-in of CET1 requirements which entered into force on 1 January 2018, and (ii) the introduction of IFRS 9 and the associated higher loan provisioning, first reflected in the Supervisory Banking Statistics in the first quarter of 2018.

Supervisory Banking Statistics

Did you know...

... that in 2017 significant banks in the euro area had an average return on equity of just 6%, which shows that profitability remains under pressure despite a marked year-on-year improvement? Banks’ profitability is being challenged by legacy issues and high levels of impairments, and by pressure on revenues from the economic environment, low interest rates and high competition. Heavy cost structures inherited from the previous expansionary cycle persist, although they have shrunk significantly. Litigation costs have also not totally abated.

However, bank profitability differs widely across institutions. A number of banks in different geographical regions and with diverse business models have outperformed the others in recent years. On average, these banks have been more successful in strategically steering their profitability in areas such as loan pricing framework, cost allocation or strategy design and monitoring.

Upcoming Events

6 September 2018
Speech by Sabine Lautenschläger at the Euro Financial Forum
The Vice-Chair of ECB Banking Supervision will elaborate on enhancing supervision and resolution in the banking union.
12 November 2018
ECB Youth Dialogue
Young professionals and students will have the opportunity to discuss supervisory issues with Danièle Nouy and Sabine Lautenschläger at the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management.
19 November 2018
Conversation with Danièle Nouy at Handelsblatt’s annual European Banking Regulation Conference
The conversation with Handelsblatt’s financial editor will focus on European and national regulatory and supervisory issues and upcoming regulatory changes (Basel IV, CRD V and CRR II).

Upcoming public speeches

Recent Highlights

11 July 2018
ECB announces further steps in supervisory approach to stock of NPLs
Bank-specific supervisory expectations for the provisioning of NPLs aim to achieve same coverage of NPL stock and flow over the medium term and are guided by individual banks’ current NPL ratios and main financial features.
Press release
4 July 2018
Publication of SSM LSI SREP methodology
Methodology developed under the umbrella of the SSM methodology applicable to significant institutions promotes convergence in the way NCAs conduct the SREP and supports a minimum level of harmonisation in the assessment of significant and less significant institutions.
Publication
3 July 2018
ECB seeks feedback on draft ECB Regulation on materiality threshold for credit obligations past due
Regulation will define absolute and relative components of materiality threshold in order to increase comparability of banks’ defaulted exposures. Industry feedback expected by 17 August 2018.
Press release
2 July 2018
Report on recovery plans
Shares the lessons the ECB has learned and the best practices it has identified after three successive cycles of analysing recovery plans to help SIs further shape their plans and make them even more operational.
Publication
21 June 2018
Speech by Danièle Nouy on the importance of good governance
Stresses that European banking supervision will always retain its focus on good governance and risk management and has already taken important steps to help improve governance and risk management across the euro area.
Speech
20 June 2018
ECB updates manual for Asset Quality Review of banks
Manual incorporates the effect of new IFRS 9 accounting standard and reflects increased importance of business models focused on investment services, thereby increasing transparency for both supervisors and investors.
Press release
19 June 2018
Hearing of the European Parliament’s Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee with Danièle Nouy
Focuses on the targeted review of internal models, the ongoing EBA stress test, cyber and IT risks, Brexit, key legislative files and the progress on NPLs.
Speech
18 June 2018
Interview with Pentti Hakkarainen in Les Echos
Explains that fintechs and financial technologies can improve the quality of banks’ services and lead to more services that are easier to access across borders. Stresses ECB’s vigilance regarding financial stability risks.
Interview
15 June 2018
Interview with Danièle Nouy in La Cuatro
Argues that banks are now in much better shape, as the improvement in CET1 suggests, and that we are much better equipped to prevent a crisis.
Interview