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Annual Report

The ECB publishes an annual report on how it carried out its supervisory tasks each year. The report is usually published in March of the subsequent year and is presented to the European Parliament by the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB at a public hearing.




CET1 ratio

Banks’ Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio reached 15.6% in the fourth quarter of 2020 and stabilised at that level in 2021. Banks’ resilience during the crisis can in part be attributed to the public support measures and the timely supervisory and regulatory measures taken in response to the crisis.



Banks’ return on equity rose to 7.2% – the highest level seen in several years, but still below banks’ average cost of equity. This increase was mainly driven by a cyclical reduction in impairment flows.


supervisory decisions

The Supervisory Board of the ECB took 2,362 decisions. Most of these supervisory decisions were related to fit and proper assessments (49.2%), internal models (11.2%), own funds (9.5%), national powers (9.5%) and qualifying holdings (3.8%) procedures.


Presentation to the European Parliament

Read the introductory statement Supervisory Board Chair Andrea Enria gave to the European Parliament Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs when he presented the Annual Report.

Read the introductory statement

Full report

Look back at what we have done in the area of banking supervision over the last year.

Read the full report

Reporting obligations

The ECB submits the Annual Report on supervisory activities to the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the Eurogroup, the European Commission and the national parliaments of the euro area countries.

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The Chair of the Supervisory Board regularly appears before the European Parliament.

Hearings at the European Parliament

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