Every year the ECB publishes an annual report on how it has carried out its supervisory tasks. The report is usually published in March of the following year.
The Chair of the Supervisory Board of the ECB normally presents the report to the European Parliament at a public hearing. In 2020 the hearing for the Annual Report 2019 did not take place due to the measures taken to address the coronavirus pandemic.
Banks’ Common Equity Tier 1 capital ratio remained unchanged from 2018 at 14.1%. The level of this highest quality capital held by banks remains almost three percentage points higher than in 2014.
Banks’ return on equity fell to 5.8%, from 6.8% in 2018. Weak profitability remains one of the main challenges for banks in the euro area.
The Supervisory Board of the ECB took 2,356 decisions, most of them on fit and proper assessments (1,114), internal models (176) and own funds (169).
The ECB submits the annual report on supervisory activities to the European Parliament, the EU Council, the Eurogroup, the European Commission and the national parliaments of the euro area countries.